Foal book, Studbook, Gelding book
B-Book I and B-Book II, D-Book Upgrading From B-Book to Foal Book
Star, Kroon, Model, Preferent, Performance Dam,
The Books within the KFPS
*** it is important to know that your horse is born into the their “book” (Main registration book, B-book I, B-book II, D book ect. )You cannot change their book. You can only change the book of that horses offspring by breeding to an Approved KFPS Stallion. Please be aware of the book that your horse is registered in prior to purchasing or breeding so that you know exactly what you are buying/breeding.
These books are based on lineage or bloodlines of the horse.
Studbook (Yellow and Green papers)
This is the top registration book within the KFPS. All of the offspring in this book are out of tested and approved sires and are out of Dam’s that are out of tested and approved sires. This is the top book because there is no higher book to upgrade to. You can upgrade from other books into this book by breeding to KFPS Approved sires.
Here is a chart to help explain the combinations and below is a written explanation of each book
Bijboek – B Book I and B Book II and D Book
B Book I (Brown papers)
Is for horses that are not out of Studbook Stallions. There is no longer B-Book registration in the USA. There are other countries that still register B-Book stallions . New Zealand and Australia register B-Book I and B- Book II foals.
The horses entered in B-Book I are those sired by a Foal Book stallion with limited breeding approval from the FPS; and whose dam is registered in B-Book I, the Foal Book, the Auxiliary Studbook, or the Studbook. Also eligible for B-Book I are horses sired by an Approved stallion and out of a mare registered in B-Book II.
Upgrade from B-Book I to the Foal book:
- In One generation. - the sire of the foal must be an Approved Stallion and 3 out of 4 of the previous generations sires have to be Approved Stallions
- In Two generations - 2 consecutive Approved Stallions on their papers.
*****AU and NZ Remember that Maiko 373 is in Australia and can help upgrade your foals to the main Foal book!!!! He ships chilled and Frozen!!
B-Book II (Blue papers)
Is for foals out of any Friesian stallion that has no approval or permit through the KFPS to breed. B-Book II horses receive identification codes from the KFPS. They are not allowed to show at the Keurings in the US but are allowed to show at the keurings in Australia, New Zealand and a few other countries.
Offspring of a B-Book II mare can be upgraded to the B-book I when using an Approved stallion. Please know that it is not a guaranteed upgrade as it depends on how many generations of non approved stallions are on the last four generations of the papers. To know for sure e-mail the ANZFHS a copy of your papers or registration number to clarify the outcome of your specific breeding combination.
Horses are eligible for the D-book if the dam is registered in either the KFPS main studbook or the KFPS D-book, and the sire has completed and passed all the current requirements for the FPZV Stallion Book I. If the Dam is D book and the Stallion is FPS Studbook the offspring are registered in the main foal book. Offspring of D book stallions and B-book II mares are registered in B-Book I Horses are not eligible for the D-book if: the dam is in the KFPS B-Book, the sire is a stallion who has only partially met the approval requirements with the current FPZV testing, the sire is a stallion within the FPZV which was previously approved by the KFPS then disapproved on offspring. Horses sired by disapproved KFPS stallions do not qualify for the D-book on the grounds that the KFPS has previously found undesirable qualities in their offspring. Offspring with a sire as described above are eligible for KFPS B-book II.
Within each of the above books there are various levels of registration and placing within the books.
Preliminary Foal book registry (VVR) – This is for foals that are born and are waiting on DNA results proving parentage, Micro chipping. No papers are issued for foals till parentage can be confirmed by hair samples. If a foal that meets the main foalbook based on lineage does not complete this portion of the DNA proof for registration they will remain in this phase of registration and their offspring are not registerable in the main studbook. It’s part of the registration process to submit a breeding/ birth announcement, hair samples for DNA. The association will send a microchip and forms for the vet to verify any markings and that the foal is in fact from the mare that they say it is out of. Without proof there is no advancement.
Foal Book - veulenboek (Vb) - After the DNA is verified the horse is put into the Foalbook. All of the books (main, b-book I, b-book II, have a foalbook) There are no restrictions based on soundness or appearance only genetics to be in the foalbook. Pure Friesians born with non approved white markings remain in the foalbook. If their offspring are born with allowed markings or none, they are allowed to try for the studbook. So you can have offspring pass the Dam’s placing. ALL stallions remain in the foalbook unless they are approved stallions. Stallions that are not in the Mainbook are NOT eligible to try for approval. Please see the requirements to become an approved stallion for more information.
This book has entry requirements, any horse that doesn’t meet these requirements stays in the foalbook
All stallions remain in the foalbook unless they pass the 70 day stallion testing. See stallion approval requirements for more information
>Mares must be a minimum of 154 cm.
>horses must be 3 years old or older
>The horse must be presented for inspection at the Keuring
>The horse must be invited with a score of no premium or higher
>The horses must be sound and have adequately correct confirmation
>They are not allowed to have more than a 3.2cm star on the forehead. White markings from injury must have a veterinary certificate to verify that they were not from birth.
Mares go into the Mare book - merrienboek - Studbook for Mares
Only stallions that are out of all approved Sires in all generations, and out of a Star or better main registration book mare are eligible to be invited for testing. In the case of the stallions there is much more involved. They must be 160 at 3 years old or 163 at 4 years old. White is not allowed at all. The stallions must also be inspected in halter, loose, and be invited to the 70 day stallion testing. They must have clean X-rays and a healthy sperm count. They must also pass the ridding and driving tests and a few other tests that are involved in the 70 day testing. Once they have completed the testing they are then a Studbook Stallion and have breeding privileges. Their offspring will then be allowed to be registered in the main studbook and help upgrade foals from other books. Once a stallion is approved they are given a new name and a number after their name ex. Maiko 373, the number indicates the order they were approved in. If a stallion is disapproved or removed from the studbook they may keep their name and number so don’t assume that a stallion that has a number is approved. Prior to breeding your mare check with the KFPS or it’s affiliate chapters to confirm that a stallion is still approved to breed in the Studbook. If a stallion is disapproved his offspring go into the B-Book II if conceived after disapproval. Offspring conceived prior to disapproval are still allowed to be in the main registration book.
Gelding Book - ruinenboek - Studbook for Geldings
You will most commonly see the word Ruin on a horses papers when they have been gelded and when it has been recorded. The gelding book is as it mentions a book for geldings so offspring is not a concern. Geldings must be 156 cm or taller or they remain in the foal book. They also have to be presented with a Vet certification that they have been gelded, and be inspected by the judges.
Premiums are used to advance your horses from the Foalbook to the Studbook, and from the Studbook to Star, Kroon or Model. These rankings will NOT change what book they are registered in (Mainbook, B-Book I, B-Book II ect)
Premiums are the rankings given to the KFPS Friesians when they go to the Keuring (Dutch inspection of the Friesians). Premiums are not placing in the class. They are ratings in relationship to the entire population of the Friesians. At a keuring all the horses could end up with the same premium. They are based on the points given for 1) Race Type 2) Frame and build 3) quality of legs and feet 4) Walk and 5) Trot. They can score from 1-10, 9 is very rare. Confirmation is 40% and Movement is 60% of the overall evaluation. If a horse gets a 4 or less in one of the categories they are not allowed in the studbook. If they get a 6 or less in one of the categories they are not allowed to be Star.
For mares and geldings the averages of the 5 scores go as follows:
Foalbook - 6 or less is not in the studbook, remains in the foalbook all so seen on papers “not invited”
No Premium -Around 6 they are included in the studbook and given no premium
3rd Premium - 6-7
2nd premium – around 7 (most likely star title)
1st premium – 7.5 or higher (definite star title)
Foal ratings – No premium, 3rd Premium, 2nd Premium, 1st Premium are the ratings that a judge will give a foal at it’s foal keuring.
No Premium -28.5 or less points foals with a 4 or 2 or more 5’s
3rd Premium - 29 - 32.5 points (walk and trot must average 5.5 or better)
2nd premium – 33 - 35.5 points (no 5’s or less, min. Average of 6.5 on walk and trots)
1st premium – 36+ points ( average of 7 or more on walk and trot)
Star can be given to a studbook mare, a foal book stallion, or Gelding book horse over 3 years old that is a 1st or 2nd premium and meets the height requirement (see height chart here)
Kroon or Crown, is between star and model. Mares who receive a first premium can be invited for a class for crown at the Central Mare inspection. In countries that don’t have a central mare inspection, the horses must either be seen 2 times at the one keuring or have a 1st premium already on their papers to be invited to be Kroon. They must score at least 77 points in the IBOP (avg 7 or higher on Walk and Trot) or achieve Sport status to become kroon. They do not need to have had a foal. And they must meet the height requirement (see height chart here). If they have not met the IBOP or sport requirement they are given a provisional status.
Model (M) mares have birthed and nursed a foal, scored above a 77 on the IBOP (avg 7 or higher on Walk and Trot), and meets the height requirement (see height chart here) be 7 years old or over, and have been invited by the judges either by being in a class of Kroon mares or being directly invited. If they have not met the IBOP or the foal portion of the requirements they are given provisional status.
Preferent (Pref or Pref4) is when a stallion produces 4 or more approved stallions and when a mare produces 4 or more Star or better offspring. When they reach 4 a Pref is added to their title, and they start listing a superscript number of how many star or better offspring they have produced. Star or better include Ster, Kroon, or Model mare, ster geldings, Foal Book Ster stallions Studbook stallions,Stallions that made the second viewing of the stallion inspection.
Prestatie (Pref8) is a very rare accomplishment for a mare to get 8 or more star or better offspring.
Sport is based on success in dressage or driving. The Sport predicate can be awarded to mares, geldings, and stallions that achieve good results in competitive sport. The Sport predicate can only be obtained based on results achieved at shows registered with the "Koninklijke Nederlands Hippische Sportfederatie"/Royal Dutch Equestrian Sport Federation (KNHS). The scores registered with KNHS determine qualification for the Sport predicate. The minimum requirements for awarding of the Sport predicate are:
1. dressage: Z1 +5.
2. show driving: cat. I & II honor class/ereklasse and cat. III open class/open klasse in one season six placements as prize winner in the "green season" (April 15 until October 1).
3. driving (dressage): Z +10.
4. driving (combined): class 3 +10. It has to be announced ahead of time to both KFPS and KNHS with which Friesian horse(s) one will participate. The horse has to have obtained at least 10 gain points in class 3 at the time the horse is entered with KFPS and KNHS to this end.
The above-mentioned requirements apply to sport performances achieved in The Netherlands. For sport results achieved abroad comparable requirements will be applicable, to be evaluated the KFPS Inspection Currently in the USA the requirements are Z1 test or 3rd Level Test 1, 5 scores over 60 from 3 different judges. In Australia I believe this is the comparable tests 5 x medium tests of 4B or 4C with greater than 60 % score and judged by 3 different judges.
Prestatiemoeder – Performance-dam (Prestm) is when a mare has 3 or more offspring that achieve the sport status.
Adult Friesians entering the Studbook are evaluated using a linear score sheet. This lists various aspects of conformation, breed characteristics and movement, with horses being scored on each point based on their positive or negative deviation from the average breed standard. The breed standard may not be the middle of the scale. The Shaded sections on the score sheet indicate the ideal numbers that the judges are looking for. The linear score sheet is used to obtain data on a stallions influence on his offspring, as well as to inform the owner on the strong and weak points to their horse. This form is a very helpful tool when evaluating compatibility of a stallion and mare. The linear score sheet is sent to the owner with that horse's new Studbook registration papers after their first adult (3yo or over) Keuring. The reason they are mailed is so that the judges evaluations can be recorded in the main database to help with the stallions calculations. Also so that it is returned to you in a typed official format.
Click here for an example of a linear score sheet Click here if you want a complete explanation of how to read the Linear Score Sheet
If you are confused on how to select a stallion for your mare and would like some help we can help Please Click here For more information